Cardiology and Resuscitation Study Center > Diagnostic Tests > Cardiology and Resuscitation Step 1 of 41 2% Jugular venous distention often results from fluid overload or compromise of the*renal arteries.right ventricle.aortic valve.left atrium. You are a lone rescuer performing CPR on a 3-year-old when a second trained rescuer arrives on scene. You should perform CPR using the ratio*3 compressions: 1 breath.30 compressions: 2 breaths.200 compressions: 8-10 breaths.15 compressions: 2 breaths. A 6-year-old patient was involved in a car vs bicycle accident. He complains of chest pain and severe difficulty breathing. Physical exam does not reveal any rib fractures, crepitus or a flail segment. You should suspect a pneumothorax in this patient because*pediatric ribs are more pliable than adults and can sustain significant force without breaking.pediatric ribs are not calcified so they are more brittle than adult ribs.lung lobes do not fuse until puberty.pediatric patients have more lung tissue per kg than adults. A 65-year-old male with a history of myocardial infarction and COPD complains of progressively worsening shortness of breath. Auscultation reveals greatly diminished lung sounds on the right side. During the physical exam you notice subcutaneous emphysema around the right clavicle. You should suspect*tracheal-bronchial disruption.spontaneous pneumothorax.dynamic hyperinflation syndrome.pleural effusion. Which of the following patients should you help with nitroglycerin administration?*66-year-old male with chest pain, BP 114/70, HR 12663-year-old female with chest pain, BP 132/85, HR 4654-year-old male with chest pain who states he took Viagra 36 hours ago, BP 122/65, HR 7272-year-old female with chest pain, BP 98/54, HR 82 A 66-year-old male presents with a BP of 101/30 and complains of chest pain. He states he normally has hypertension and runs around 150/100. The most concerning thing about this BP is*a pulse pressure of 71 mmHg.coronary arteries are perfused during diastole.it could be indicative of a pericardial tamponade.pulmonary perfusion pressures are compromised. A 28-year-old female goes into sudden cardiac arrest. Her husband tells you she is 34 weeks pregnant. In order to perform CPR on this patient you should*perform manual left uterine displacement.perform CPR as you would for any adult.adjust your hand position to accommodate for the size of the pregnant uterus.place the patient on a backboard and pad under the right side of the board. A 68-year-old male presents with chest pain that radiates through to his back. When obtaining vital signs you note the blood pressure on the right arm is 118/56 and the left arm is 152/90. You should suspect*pulmonary embolism.vaso-occlusive crisis.right-sided heart failure.aortic dissection. A 70-year-old male had a sudden onset of chest pain while at rest; he has taken 3 doses of his prescribed nitroglycerin and has not had any relief. He may be suffering from any one of the following EXCEPT*stable angina.myocardial infarction.unstable angina.acute coronary syndrome. The goal for SpO2 following ROSC in an adult that suffered a cardiac arrest should be*97 - 100%.exactly 94%.100%.94 - 99%. A 32-year-old female has a pulmonary embolism and complains of severe shortness of breath and difficulty in breathing. This represents a problem with*increased alveolar pressure.ventilation.perfusion.the pulmonary valve. You respond to a cardiac arrest patient in a gym who is lying on top of a set of metal bleachers. You attach the AED to his chest and then realize you are standing on the same metal surface that the patient is on. You should*defibrillate as normal.place a non-conductive item such as a blanket under the patient before defibrillating.move the patient to a different surface.ensure that the patient is in contact with an electrical grounding device. You witness a 6-year-old male collapses suddenly while playing basketball. You are the only rescuer on scene. After confirming the patient is pulseless and apneic, you should first*perform CPR for 2 minutes and then get an AED.perform CPR until an AED arrives on sceneget an AED / activate the emergency response system.begin rescue breathing at a rate of 20/minute. A 32-year-old male has inhaled toxic gas that causes pulmonary edema. He may experience hypoxia due to impaired oxygen*osmosis.diffusion.thermolysis.convection. A 19-year-old male presents with severe difficulty in breathing. He tells you, with one word dyspnea, that he has taken his inhaled steroids and used his rescuer inhaler multiple times without any relief. He has accessory muscle use, diffuse wheezing in all lung fields and the following vital signs: Respiratory rate of 44, SpO2 of 84% on room air and his heart rate is 112/min. This is known as*asthmatic crisis.status asthmaticus.ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome).unstable asthma. Which of the following patients is high flow oxygen indicated for?*44-year-old diabetic female with nausea, 3/10 chest pressure (BP 122/78, HR 86, RR 16, SpO2 92% on room air)72-year-old male with acute onset of facial droop and slurred speech (BP 138/ 82, HR 110, RR 24, SpO2 94% on room air)56-year-old male with crushing chest pain, he has taken 3 of his nitro with no relief (BP 108/66, HR 101, RR26, SpO2 98% on room air)66-year-old male with 8/10 chest pain and a history of three previous heart attacks (BP 144/76, HR 102, RR 22, SpO2 95% on room air) All of the following can result from overly aggressive ventilations with a BVM, EXCEPT*pulmonary embolism formationdecreased blood pressure.pneumothorax.emesis. Aspirin is given to a patient experiencing signs and symptoms of a possible myocardial infarction because it*is an analgesic.dissolves blood clots in the coronary arteries.dilates coronary arteries.prevents clots from growing any larger. At sea level the oxygen content of the atmosphere is 21%. On top of a 9,000 foot summit the oxygen content of the atmosphere is*21%11%16%17% A 67-year-old male in a nursing home complains of chest pain, worsening shortness of breath and a productive cough for the past 24 hours. You note markedly decreased lung sounds on the right side. He has the following vital signs: HR 112, BP 106/54, R 26/minute, temperature 102.1 F. You should suspect*spontaneous pneumothorax.healthcare-associated pneumonia.congestive heart failure.cardiogenic pulmonary edema. A 56-year-old male firefighter emerges from a structure fire with complaints of worsening shortness of breath and weakness. He states he inhaled smoke. A physical exam reveals bright “cherry” red skin. Your portable carbon monoxide detector reads 0ppm. You place him on a NRB at 15 L/min and achieve an SpO2 of 100% but he still complains of worsening SOB. You should suspect*nitrogen narcosis.cyanide toxicity.carbon dioxide poisoning.pulmonary embolism. A 22-year-old male who drank antifreeze is found with altered mental status. He is responsive to painful stimuli. He has the following vital signs: HR 116, fast and deep respirations at 48/minute, BP 104/54, and a room air pulse oximeter reading of 97%. Appropriate treatment for this patient would be*to place patient on an automated transport ventilator.application of a nasal cannula at 4 L/min.to place patient on CPAP at 5 cm H20.positive pressure ventilations with a BVM. When might it be acceptable to consider terminating resuscitative efforts in a pediatric cardiac arrest?*After ten minutes of high quality CPR and resuscitation with no return of spontaneous pulsesYou should never terminate resuscitative efforts in a pediatric arrestOnly when you are more than 60 minutes away from definitive careOnly when you are too exhausted to continue or the AED ceases to function The lowest pressure would be found in the*pulmonary artery.carotid artery.inferior vena cava.aorta. You are transporting a 56-year-old male who is complaining of chest pain. You are 12 minutes from the hospital when suddenly the patient becomes unresponsive, pulseless and apneic. You should*pull the ambulance to the side of the road, attach the AED and begin CPR.attach the AED and perform CPR.upgrade to emergent response.contact advanced life support. After helping a patient to properly administer their epinephrine pen you notice their heart rate increases from 86 beats per minute to 118 beats per minute. This is likely from the _______ nervous system effects of epinephrine.*anticholinergicsympatheticcholinergicparasympathetic Your patient is a 66-year-old male that complains of chest tightness and crushing chest pain that came on while exercising. He called 911 ten minutes ago. When you arrive he tells you the chest pain and pressure have totally resolved. This is likely*myocardial infarction.stable angina.unstable angina.cardiomyopathy. A 62-year-old male with a history of CHF complains of fatigue, shortness of breath, and has had to sleep sitting upright for the past two nights. Auscultation of the lungs reveals fine crackles in both bases. He is most likely suffering from*aortic stenosis.respiratory failure.left-sided heart failure.right-sided heart failure. You arrive on scene of an unresponsive, apneic 2 week-old male. A weak pulse at a rate of 48/minute is palpated. The most appropriate treatment for this patient would be to*provide rescue breaths at a rate of 20/minute.start CPR with a ratio of 30:2.warm, dry and oxygenate the patient.provide rescue breaths at a rate of 8-10/minute. A 22-year-old male has been stabbed in the chest with a 6-inch long knife; he is hypotensive at BP 78/36. You note the presence of jugular venous distention and when he inhales you note the presence of pulsus paradoxus. This likely represents*distributive shock.cardiac contusion.pericardial tamponade.lacerated vena cava. You are performing CPR on a 2-year-old child. Your AED is for adults and without a pediatric dose attenuator. You should*use it ONLY for a device to analyze rhythms.use the adult AED on the child.not use an adult AED on the child.cut the pads to an appropriate size and use them. You have attached an AED that uses a biphasic current and performed CPR on the patient; the AED now says shock advised. You have your finger on the shock button when you notice that the pads are reversed and the pad that goes on the right side is on the left and vice versa. You should*remove the pads and properly place them on the chest.skip this round of shocking and resume CPR.unplug the connector, flip it over and plug it back in.hit the shock button. A 65-year-old male with a ventricular assist device is found unresponsive by family members. He has no spontaneous respirations and no palpable pulses. You should*perform CPR and do not apply the AED.perform CPR and apply the AED immediately.apply the AED immediately and contact the device manufacturer.apply the AED and do not perform CPR. In which of the following patients is positive pressure ventilations with a BVM indicated?*16-year-old male with diabetic ketoacidosis, respiratory rate 42/min, tidal volume 490ml2-year-old male with pneumonia, respiratory rate 30/minute, tidal volume 100ml88-year-old female with an active stroke, respiratory rate 14/minute, tidal volume 85ml41-year-old male with chest pain, respiratory rate 24/minute, tidal volume 520ml A 77 year old male with a significant cardiac history complains of weakness, fatigue and chest pressure with a sudden onset. His skin is pale, cool and diaphoretic and his vital signs are P 122, R 36, and BP 76/44. You auscultate bilateral coarse crackles. You should suspect the most likely cause is*cor pulmanale.cardiogenic shock.ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.unstable angina. When ventilating a 3 month-old using a BVM, you should*pad under the shoulders.pad under the head.not place pads under the infant.pad under the neck. A 66-year-old female is on bed rest for a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in her leg when she requests to be transported to the ER for pain management. You gently move this patient because you know that if the clot becomes dislodged from her calf it could migrate to her*carotid artery.femoral artery.coronary artery.pulmonary artery. A 73-year-old male complains of chest pain and has taken two of his nitroglycerin tablets in the past 10 minutes with no relief. His vital signs are HR 128, BP 111/72, and R 20. He takes no other medications and has no allergies to medications. You should*administer 325 mg of aspirin and withhold nitroglycerin at this time.administer 325 mg of aspirin and help him to administer his nitroglycerin.help him administer his nitroglycerin and withhold aspirin.obtain additional history before proceeding. You are a lone rescuer responding to a pulseless, apneic 8 month-old. Your first action should be to*go and get an AED.perform 2 minutes of CPR.perform one cycle of 30:2 and then go get the AED.call for additional resources (Advanced Life Support). For which of the following adult patients is out-of-hospital termination of resuscitation efforts appropriate?*Witnessed arrest, bystander CPR performed, no shocks given by AEDIt is never acceptable to terminate resuscitative efforts out of the hospital by BLS providersUnwitnessed arrest, no bystander CPR, no shocks advised by the AEDUnwitnessed arrest , no bystander CPR performed, 3 shocks given by AED The right carotid artery originates from the*brachiocephalic artery.internal thoracic artery.circle of Willis.brachial plexus.